Industrialization and Spatial Change as a Development Movement After Republic

The foundation of the Republic, for Turkey, did not mean the acceptance of only a new political regime. Following the accompanying revolutions, there were transformations in related spatial and social structures. Therefore instead of viewing the proclamation of the Republic as a political solution to the crisis of hegemony rising during the Ottoman times, it has to be better perceived as a radical revolutionary movement against the heritage and the identity it inherited. Many transformations have been witnessed in this restructuring era from literacy to measurements. Development, especially in the economic sense, was targeted as a means to facilitate the renovation process and to provide a continuity of newly established identities. A close relationship has been assumed between economic development and the continuity of individual and social transformations targeted by the Republican revolutions. Therefore economic development has been attributed significance as a vehicle to attain the modernization goal. Industrialization, in this context, has received major attention. Private entrepreneurs had been supported prior to the global economic recession of 1930. However, the lack of investments resulted in state taking the lead. Several factories were founded in Anatolian cities by the state in order to generate a native economy. Likewise, residential, cultural and sportive spaces were constructed to create a social and spatial transformation. In a retrospective view this study aims to evaluate the relationship between these state-based industrial-sites and the ideology of the era with an emphasis on their transformative aspires and effects.


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