Introduction to Turkey of Bergson and Its Effect

This paper aims to contribute to the understanding of the conditions in which the Bergsonist idea was introduced into Turkish thought with a particularly focus on the influence of Bergsonism on Turkish philosophy. Dating from the early 20th century, Bergsonism emerged as an early reaction to the foundation of philosophy, which was developed with the influence of materialism and positivism, and began to enter into Turkish intellectual life. Bergonism’s basic concepts were sometimes instrumen-talized for the sake of finding solutions to social and cultural problems. Bergsonism became represented in Turkish intellectual life by means of the Dergâh society and Mustafa Şekip Tunç. Consequently, Bergsonism was not only imported, but through means of re-interpretation, it was established as a system of thought in accordance with the local conditions.


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